Problems to look upon for healthy ageing
Getting older includes much change, both negative and positive, but you can appreciate ageing if you understand what’s happening with your body and take steps to keep up your health. A wide range of things happens to your body as you age ‑ your skin, bone, and even brain may start to behave differently. Try not to let the changes that come with old age catch you by surprise.
For healthy ageing, you need to work upon overall body inspection like:
- Your bones: Bones can become thinner and more brittle during old age, especially in women, sometimes resulting in the fragile bone condition called osteoporosis. Thinning bones and decreasing bone mass can put you at risk for falls that can easily result in broken bones.
- Your heart: While a healthy diet and regular exercise can keep your heart healthy, it may become slightly enlarged, your heart rate may lower, and the walls of the heart may thicken.
- Your brain and nervous system: Getting older can cause changes in your reflexes and even your senses. While dementia is not a normal consequence of old age, it is common for people to experience some slight forgetfulness as they get older.
- Your digestive system: As you age, your digestive tract becomes more firm and rigid, and doesn't contract as often. This change can lead to problems such as constipation, stomach pain, and feelings of nausea; a better diet can help.
- Your senses: You may notice that your vision and hearing aren't quite as sharp as they once were. You may start to lose your sense of taste — flavours may not seem as distinct to you. Your body is taking longer to react and needs more to stimulate it.
- Your teeth: The tough enamel that protects your teeth from decay can start to wear away over the years, leaving you susceptible to cavities. Gum disease is also a concern for older adults. Good dental hygiene can protect your teeth and gums.
- Your skin: With old age, your skin loses its elasticity and may start to sag and wrinkle. Start protecting your skin now to prevent further damage, as well as skin cancer.
Many bodily changes are a natural part of ageing, but they don’t have to slow you down. There's a lot you can do to protect your body and keep it as healthy as possible.