Treating diabetes: Insulin vs Non-Insulin

  • Jan 16 , 2017

The problems marked by high blood sugar is on the rise worldwide.It has been estimated that over 422 million people in the world are having diabetes.

But you should also know that all types of diabetes are treatable – Type1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes and Gestational Diabetes and there are two methods for controlling type 2 Diabetes ‘Insulin’ and ‘Non-insulin’.

Insulin is a hormone, a chemical messenger produced in one part of the body to have an action on another. Insulin has two modes of action on the body – an excitatory one and an inhibitory one.

Insulin stimulates glucose uptake and lipid synthesis.

Insulin inhibits the breakdown of lipids, proteins and glycogen and inhibits the glucose pathway and production of ketone bodies.

However, for a variety of reasons some people are treated only with Insulin. People taking insulin often require two injections of intermediate-acting insulin or one injection of long-acting insulin per day.

There are two types of insulin:

  • Injectable insulin
  • Inhaled insulin

Non-insulin medicines are used to treat type 2 Diabetes:

  • Metformin–Pillsthat reduces sugar production from the liver.
  • Thiazolidinediones–Pills that enhances sugar removal from the blood stream.
  • Insulin-releasing pills –Pillsthat increase insulin release from the pancreas.
  • Starch blockers–Pills that slow starch (sugar) absorption from the gut.
  • Incretin-based therapies–Pills and injections that reduce sugar production in the liver and slow the absorption of food.
  • Amylin analogs–Injections that reduce sugar production in the liver and slow the absorption of food.

Rarely, and usually due to other medical conditions, it may be necessary to start medical treatment of diabetes with insulin therapy. However, insulin therapy is the last treatment prescribed and is added only after the oral medications or non-insulin injections don’t work. And one advice to you people is to have frequently sugar test, you need to know your sugar level.