This is the reason why women get multiple sclerosis
- Feb 04 , 2017 2
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is the leading cause of irreversible neurological disability. This debilitating neurological disease is more than twice as common in women and typically hits between the ages of 20 and 40.
Multiple sclerosis is an auto immune disease that causes harm to nerves in the cerebrum and spinal cord. In healthy people, nerve fibres are enclosed in a protective coating called myelin. But then MS destroys myelin, disrupting the flow of nerve impulses. That can rapidly result in problems with muscle control and strength, sensation, balance, vision, and metal issues. MS attacks also cause inflammation in the brain, which can lead to atrophy. This decreasing brain volume causes severe disability over time.
You get this burst of inflammation in a spot in the cerebrum, and the inflammation runs its course for around two months. After this attack, you then recover and the disease and symptoms hideaway for a time period until the next attack. If left untreated, this type of MS will eventually enter a dynamic stage, where the disease advances and symptoms continually worsen. And it is hard to stop.
Normally the cause of multiple sclerosis is tough to pinpoint, but as the researchers says environmental factors seem to play a big role. Family history of multiple sclerosis especially that of your mother, will make you more at risk to it. One out of 20 children born in a family with MS will also develop it. Researchers have recognised 55 genes that are connected with either an increased or decreased risk of developing MS.
The symptoms of the disease are common symptoms of many other less serious illnesses, which makes MS difficult to spot.
The most common symptoms of MS are:
- Depression or anxiety
- Numbness or tingling in the legs
- Vision problems
- Loss of bladder control
MS can also cause sexual dysfunction as it makes you unable to achieve orgasm "because there's not enough sensory input back to the spinal cord.
What to do about it?
Now a day’s multiple sclerosis is the most treatable disease in neurology, as long as it’s diagnosed early, before too much brain damage occurs. Recent MS research has made huge advances in both deciding the causes of the disease and how to treat it effectively.
There's commonly three parts of treatment:
- Immunological medication therapies (which help control the immune system)
- Symptomatic drug therapies (which treat specific symptoms, like pain)
- Lifestyle changes
If we can inspire people to maintain healthy lifestyles, they can drastically improve outcomes of their brain. That's because healthy habits, like exercising regularly, can help the brain make new connections and build strength.