These symptoms can lead to migraine attack
A migraine is a kind of a headache which causes an intense aching sensation on one side of the head. And it can be accompanied by nausea, vomiting, and sensitivity to light or sound. Migraine pain is very painful, in general.
The vast majority of migraine sufferers are commonly women and girls.
Causes of a migraine:
The real cause of migraines remain unknown, but research suggests that genetic and environmental factors might play a role. Researchers have found that serotonin levels drop during migraine attacks, affecting the trigeminal system to release substances called neuropeptides, which cause headache pain.
Researchers have also identified several key risk factors for evolving migraines, including:
- Family history: it has been reported on the basis of headache education that between 70 and 90 per cent of people with migraines have a family history of the condition.
- Age: A migraine can start at any time in life, typically migraine sufferers experience their first symptoms during adolescence and they can have their first attack before the age of 40.
- Menstruation and menopause: The frequent cause of migraine attacks in women are immediately before, or shortly after their menstrual period.
Some women have reported that they experienced their first migraine attack during pregnancy or that their attacks worsened during pregnancy. This shows that estrogen and progesterone are the factors for migraines in women.
Triggers that can cause migraine attacks, such as:
- Certain foods
- Light or noise
- Physical exertion
- Disrupted sleep
- Missing or skipping meals can also trigger migraines.
- Alcohol and highly caffeinated beverages also have the potential to trigger a migraine attack.
- Stress at work or home can cause migraines, as can very bright lights (such as sun glare), loud noises, and strong smells.
- Oral contraceptives and vasodilators have been linked to migraines. Intense physical exertion and less sleep can also trigger migraine attacks.
- The frequency of migraine attacks varies from person to person. Some experience migraines several times a month, while the others much less frequently.