These are the reasons for gastrointestinal problems

  • Jan 03 , 2017

The following are the reasons for gastrointestinal problems:

Functional disorders – Functional disorders are those in which the bowel looks normal but doesn't work properly. They are the most common problems affecting the colon and rectum and include constipation and irritable bowel syndrome.

Reflux - Symptoms of reflux, such as heartburn, are amongst the most common digestive ills. In a study, 6 percent people reported experiencing reflux symptoms daily and 14 percent had them at least weekly. Such frequent symptoms may indicate a person has GERD or gastroesophageal reflux disease. Beside from being painful, GERD can harm the esophagus or even lead to esophageal cancer. Treatment options include drugs that reduce acid levels, such as the proton pump inhibitors Aciphex, Nexium, Prevacid, Prilosec, and Protonix and the H2 blockers Axid, Pepcid, Tagamet, and Zantac.

Peptic ulcer – By disrupting a protective layer of mucus, that bacterium causes ulcers, which are sores in the lining of the stomach or first stretch of the small intestine. Other causes include smoking, which can elevate stomach acidity. Alcohol use may also be a factor, but it's unclear whether that alone can cause ulcers. The old theory blaming factors like stress isn't totally wrong: Stress can aggravate symptoms of peptic ulcers and delay healing. Ten to 14 days of antibiotic treatment, often combined with acid reduction therapy, can rid someone of a Peptic ulcer. Surgery is an option for more severe cases.

Gallstones- Obesity is a risk factor for gallstones, and it is said that they develop because of a shortage of fibr0065 and an excess of fat in the diet. Losing weight—then regaining it—also seems to set the stage for gallstones. In a study of men, the more frequent the weight cycling and the larger the number of pounds shed and regained, the greater the odds of gallstones. Women, especially those who are pregnant or taking birth control pills, face increases in gallstone likelihood as well. Only a quarter of people with gallstones typically require treatment. That's fortunate because every year nearly 1 million people are diagnosed with these little pebbles, which are primarily made of cholesterol and bile salts. Removal may be necessary if the stones instigate inflammation or infection of the gallbladder, pancreas, or liver. This can happen if a stone moving out of the gallbladder gets stuck—blocking the flow of bile—in the ducts between the liver and the small intestine.

Lactose intolerance - Symptoms include cramping, bloating, gas, nausea, and diarrhea. These usually occur 30 minutes to two hours after one drinks or eats a dairy product. Doctors can test for lactose intolerance using a breath test, which detects heightened levels of hydrogen; a blood test, before which the patient drinks a lactose-containing beverage; or a test of stool acidity (which undigested lactose helps generate).