Know everything about dental pulp diseases

Poor dental health is the origin of tooth decay, tooth pain, and other pulp diseases. If you don’t have good oral habits, including brushing and flossing regularly, plaque can develop which can lead to cavities. If left untreated, a cavity can eventually affect the pulp part of your tooth, which comprises of sensitive nerves and delicate blood vessels. And you can lose teeth if these pulp diseases aren’t managed properly.

The different types of pulp diseases include:

  • Reversible pulpitis: It is a mild inflammation of the pulp and the symptoms include pain during eating or drinking something sweet, hot, or cold. If left untreated the inflammation can progress to a dental abscess. Pulpitis might also occur if you crack or break your tooth.
  • Irreversible pulpitis: This type of pulpitis is a severe inflammation of the pulp, that can’t be cured. Sudden intense pain is the symptom for irreversible pulpitis. It can result in widespread gum and connective tissue infection.
  • Dental pulp calcification: This is a condition of hardening, or calcification, of pulp tissue which results in hypersensitivity and dangerous pain because the dental nerves become compressed.
  • Dental pulp exposure: This condition occurs when the damage to the external covering of a tooth happens. This part of the tooth exposes the normally protected pulp to the bacteria and irritating food particles. Extreme pain is the most frequent symptom and without proper oral care, a mild infection can change into a serious abscess.

Symptoms of pulp diseases:

  • Pain in the teeth, upon eating or drinking something sweet, hot, or cold
  • Sudden, strong pain in the mouth
  • Infection in the mouth
  • Treatment for pulp disease

If a diseased pulp in your tooth isn’t taken out, a severe infection can spread to the surrounding tissues and to the jaw bone. A root canal therapy is preferred to remove the pulp tissue, over several visits by a regular dentist. Having root canal therapy might spare you from losing your tooth.

Root canal therapy works in different steps:

  • First visit: The diseased pulp is removed, the root canal is cleaned out and enlarged. Medications are given to save the area from any infection. A temporary filling might be placed as well.
  • Second visit: The temporary filling is removed and the permanent filling is placed.
  • Final visit: A crown is placed over the tooth.
  • Many of the pulp diseases are caused due to poor oral health habits. If you brush and floss regularly and keep going for regular dental checkups will help you to develop less of pulp diseases.