Important facts to know about farsightedness

Hyperopia or farsightedness is an imperfection of the eye, not a disease which affects you more likely as you age. Farsighted people see distant things clear more easily than they can see things nearby.

What causes farsightedness?

In a person with normal eyesight, the eye focus light directly on the retina, whereas most commonly the condition of farsightedness occurs when light entering eye focuses on the cornea (behind the retina). This is caused by an eye that is too short or whose cornea is not curved enough. Farsightedness often runs in families and in some cases diseases such as retinopathy and eye tumors can cause it.

Farsightedness symptoms:

  • Blurred vision
  • Achy eyes
  • Severe headaches
  • Eyestrain
  • General eye discomfort
  • Trouble reading

How is farsightedness diagnosed?

A routine eye exam by an optometrist can easily detect farsightedness. The eye exam includes questions and a physical exam of your eyesight. If you're suffering certain eye diseases such as glaucoma, or if you have diabetes, your eyes should be tested more frequently. Farsightedness often starts in early childhood, so these eye exams should be done for new babies and children.

Treatment for farsightedness

Most farsighted people don’t need special treatment. Your eyes can usually adjust to simple treatment by wearing corrective lenses, either eyeglasses or contact lenses. Glasses or contact lenses can help at any age.

Refractive eye surgery for reshaping the cornea, such as LASIK or CK, is another option for treating hyperopia. LASIK can be done for minor cases of farsightedness, but for severe farsightedness, surgery can replace the clear lens of your eye with an implanted lens. Surgery may reduce or eliminate your need to wear glasses or contact lenses.

If you are farsighted, get regular eye exams, and see your eye care specialist if you experience changes in your vision.