High blood pressure can damage various organs of the body

High blood pressure is the state in which normal flow of blood in the body stops and an irregular mechanism takes place. This improper flow of blood may sometimes cause serious issues. Due to high blood pressure, the heart starts working harder and this lets to its weakening. The effects of the weakening of the heart can be felt in the entire body.

The problem of high blood pressure does not always mean that some obvious and strict symptoms will be observed, but there can be serious damage to the veins and arteries which in turn can become a hurdle for the normal flow of the blood throughout the body. Some of the major diseases that can occur include the sudden strokes, heart-related major diseases and even the failure of the heart. There can also be severe damage to other parts like kidneys, limbs and eyes.

Organs affected by high blood pressure:


The job of the heart is to transport blood to all the parts. As the blood is passed through the arteries, they are stretched to some extent. In the case of high blood pressure, these arteries can stretch to a wider extent, causing a very serious damage to the heart and its functioning. There can be some tears within the arteries and they may lead to the formation of some scar tissues.

Due to narrowing of arteries, a disease named as atherosclerosis may occur causing the cholesterol to be trapped. This results in the coronary artery diseases. If the blood gets trapped it may result in clotting which can block the arteries and thereby cause heart attacks and strokes.

There can be a pain in the chest which may lead to angina and if the rhythms of the heart are improper, it may cause arrhythmias.

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The task of the kidney in our body is to filter out the entire waste. In case a proper supply of blood is not made to the kidney, it can stop proper functioning. If blood vessels get narrower, it may result in the shrinkage of kidney and it will not be able to properly remove the toxins from the body. Over a long time, scarring may occur, which will make the kidney completely damaged. In this case, dialysis even kidney transplantation may be needed. In some cases, if the inner arteries of the kidney get burst, it may lead to internal bleeding which can be life threatening.


If the proper supply of oxygenated blood is not supplied to the brain, it can hinder the function of the brain. If the arteries get narrowed or there is a blood clot somewhere, it may prevent the blood to flow properly to the brain. This may result in a mini stroke or a disease called as a transient ischemic attack (TIA). Those who suffer from this disease are at higher risk of having the full-blown strokes. Here, the supply of blood is totally cancelled to the brain leading the cells of the brain to die. The damages can sometimes be permanent and irreversible.

Some other diseases that may occur are cognitive impairment and a brain disease named as vascular dementia. This disease is a result of the improper supply of blood to the brain. There can also be memory loss or problems in speaking and reasoning.