Causes and treatment of spider veins
Spider veins are smaller, red, purple, and blue vessels that twist and turn. Spider veins are easily visible through the skin, as well. They are typically visible on the legs and face.
Spider veins are caused by increased pressure in the veins. Doctors don’t know exactly why some people develop spider veins and others don’t, but they do know that the tendency to get them is hereditary and that they’re more common as you get older. It’s also known that people who stand for a long time, such as nurses and teachers, tend to increase the amount of pressure in the veins of the legs and are more likely to develop spider veins.
In addition to the appearance of a patchwork of red and blue veins that you can see through the skin, people with spider veins may also experience:
- Swelling in the legs
- A feeling of heaviness in the legs
- Tiredness in the legs
Two treatment options offer great results:
- Sclerotherapy - Sclerotherapy is the most common treatment for spider veins. It involves injecting a solution into the vein that forces it to collapse, which stops blood flow. The vein will turn into a scar and fade after a few weeks. Most people who receive this treatment see a 50 to 90 per cent improvement.
- Laser treatment - While sclerotherapy is more common, the smaller, fine, reddish spider veins respond best to laser treatment because they’re harder to inject.
Spider veins are mainly a cosmetic issue and can be left untreated if they don’t bother you. But if you’re unhappy about the way they look or if they’re painful, you can do something about them. Exercise is the best way to prevent and maintain vein issue. The more you're active and healthy, the better, whose favourite circulation-boosting activities include swimming, climbing stairs and walking. And also this anywhere, anytime exercise: toe raises. Throughout the day, strengthen and exercise your calf muscles by simply raising yourself up on the balls of your feet and then lowering yourself back down.